Die Wimbledon Championships in London sind das dritte Tennis-Grand-Slam-Turnier des Jahres. Die SZ ist dabei - mit Liveticker, Spielberichten, Analysen. Wimbledon – genauer Wimbledon Championships – ist das traditionellste Grand-Slam-Turnier des Jahres. Herreneinzel werden in Wimbledon bereits seit Wimbledon. LONDON, ENGLAND - JULY A general view inside Centre Court as Andy Murray. Ort: London Herrenfinale Novak. <
Wimbledon (London)Als Wimbledon Championships (in der Kurzform auch Wimbledon) wird das älteste und prestigeträchtigste Tennisturnier der Welt bezeichnet. Ab Anfang Juli. Informationen zum traditionsreichen Turnier in Wimbledon. Alle Sieger der letzten Jahre, die Geschichte des Turniers und mehr zu All England Championchips. Wimbledon Tickets Debenture Seaats für den Center Court & Court No.1 hier online buchen beim Sportreiseveranstalter für Tennis Events.
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Matches in the Gentlemen's Singles and Gentlemen's Doubles are best-of-five sets; all other events are best-of-three sets.
Up to and including the tournament, a tiebreak game is played if the score reaches 6—all in any set except the fifth in a five-set match or the third in a three-set match , in which case a two-game lead must be reached.
Since , a final set tiebreak game is played if the score in the final set reaches 12—all. All events are single-elimination tournaments , [g] except for the Gentlemen's, Senior Gentlemen's and the Ladies' Invitation Doubles, which are round-robin tournaments.
Up to , the winners of the previous year's competition except in the Ladies' Doubles and Mixed Doubles were automatically granted byes into the final round then known as the challenge round.
This led to many winners retaining their titles in successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition.
Since , the prior year's champions were required to play all the rounds, like other tournament competitors. Each year the tournament begins on the last Monday in June or first Monday in July, two weeks after the Queen's Club Championships , which is one of the men's major warm-up tournaments, together with the Gerry Weber Open , which is held in Halle, Germany , during the same week.
Other grass-court tournaments before Wimbledon are Eastbourne , Great Britain, and Rosmalen in the Netherlands, both combining mixed events.
The other women's warm-up tournament for Wimbledon is Birmingham , also in Great Britain. The men's event which is outside Europe before Wimbledon is the Antalya open in Turkey.
Wimbledon is scheduled for 14 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. Before it ended a day earlier, with the women's singles final on the Friday and the men's singles final on the Saturday.
Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day.
However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and On the first of these four occasions, Wimbledon staged a "People's Sunday", with unreserved seating and readily available, inexpensive tickets, allowing those with more limited means to sit on the show courts.
The second Monday at Wimbledon is often called "Manic Monday", because it is the busiest day with the last matches for both men's and women's singles, where fans have a pick of watching on a single day, any of the best 32 players left; which is also unique in a Grand Slam singles competition.
Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers.
Since the tournament, 32 players have been given seedings in the Gentlemen's and Ladies' singles, 16 teams in the doubles events. The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships.
This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw.
This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit. The first players to be seeded as no.
The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events. From singles qualification will increase to players and no doubles qualification will occur.
There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings, but it can change the seedings based on a player's previous grass court performance.
Since a seeding committee has not been required for the Gentlemen's Singles following an agreement with the ATP. In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
No unseeded player has captured the Ladies' Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams , who won in as the 23rd seed; Williams was returning from an injury that had prevented her playing in previous tournaments, giving her a lower ranking than she would normally have had.
Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the Gentlemen's Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also for the first time ever qualifiers.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.
The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the club. The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The US Open abandoned grass in for green clay and the Australian Open did so in for hard courts ; the US Open eventually would adopt hard courts as well.
From to , Club's grounds were situated on four acres of meadowland between Worple Road and the railway line. In , the venue hosted the tennis events for the Summer Olympic Games.
After moving to a new place, the old ground then became the Girls' High School playing field. This new venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction of a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium also rose by to 12, Since , a new No.
To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.
Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast.
Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace. When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: Greg Rusedski 's followers convened at "Rusedski Ridge", and Tim Henman has had the hill nicknamed Henman Hill.
As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground , in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", in trying to conform to the standards of behaviour regarded as common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white, upper middle class, affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were recruited from Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys came from The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been drawn from local schools. This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club.
Since they have been drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.
With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Starting on the second Wednesday, the number of BBGs is reduced due to the decrease in the number of matches per day, leaving around 80 on the final Sunday.
Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving. Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline. BBG places are split between boys and girls, with girls having been included since , appearing on centre court since Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.
To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships to ensure that BBGs gain a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing. By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon.
The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions. Prior to , female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs.
As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: for example, Chris Evert appeared on scoreboards as "Mrs.
Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued, at least to some extent.
The title "Mr. The chair umpire will say "Mr. If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e.
Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.
Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court.
Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if the Prince of Wales or the Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.
Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.
In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.
The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.
The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.
Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferable.
The All England Club, through its subsidiary The All England Lawn Tennis Ground plc, issues debentures to tennis fans every five years to raise funds for capital expenditure.
Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.
Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.
From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards. To get access to the show courts, fans normally have to queue overnight.
The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers. Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.
The wrist band and payment is exchanged at the ticket office for the ticket when the grounds open. General admission to the grounds gives access to the outer courts and is possible without queuing overnight.
Queuing for the show courts ends after the quarter finals have been completed. Wimbledon is notable for the longest running sponsorship in sports history due to its association with Slazenger who have supplied all tennis balls for the tournament since Until when its contract ended,  Radio Wimbledon could be heard within a five-mile radius on It operated under a Restricted Service Licence.
Presenters included Sam Lloyd and Ali Barton. Typically they worked alternate four-hour shifts until the end of the last match of the day.
Often they reported from the "Crow's Nest", an elevated building housing the Court 3 and 4 scoreboards which affords views of most of the outside courts.
Regular guests included Sue Mappin. In later years Radio Wimbledon acquired a second low-power FM frequency within the grounds only of Hourly news bulletins and travel using RDS were also broadcast.
Beginning with the tournament , an in-house operation known as Wimbledon Broadcasting Services WBS has served as the official host broadcaster of the tournament, replacing BBC Sport.
This can result in live matches being moved across all 3 channels. The BBC holds the broadcast rights for Wimbledon until Click continue to acknowledge that you are happy to receive cookies from shop.
After the cancellation of The Championships, we donated 75, products to good causes. Now our donation programme is complete, we are happy to offer discounted styles from past and present collections, many exclusive to The Wimbledon Shop, to our loyal guests.
Discover our selection of apparel and accessories featuring the iconic green and purple Championships logo with a vast array of base colours to suit both the most conservative and elaborate of dress senses.
Whether it's high-performance sport or durable everyday use you require, we have a style to suit your needs.
Wimbledon socks are designed ensuring comfort, style and quality across all walks of life. The theatre was saved from redevelopment by the Ambassador Theatre Group in The golden statue on the dome depicts Laetitia , the Roman Goddess of Gaiety, and was an original fixture back in Laetitia is holding a laurel crown as a symbol of celebration.
The statue was removed during the Second World War , as it was thought to be a direction finder for German bombers. It was eventually replaced in The theatre contains two performance spaces — a seat main auditorium and a seat studio dedicated to early-year performances.
Polka also has a creative learning studio, a garden, an outdoor playground, an indoor play area, exhibition spaces, and a cafe. It is a producing theatre, which also tours shows nationally and internationally, and provides a range of education and community engagement programmes for children as a registered charity  and an Arts Council England National Portfolio Organisation.
In literature, Wimbledon provides the principal setting for several comic novels by author Nigel Williams including the best-selling The Wimbledon Poisoner and They Came from SW19 , as well as for Elisabeth Beresford 's series of children's stories about the Wombles.
Wimbledon was given as the site where the sixth Martian invasion cylinder landed in H. Each October thousands attend the Wimbledon BookFest, which has been running since Over 60 events are held around Wimbledon, including at the Big Tent on the Common.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Suburb of London, England. Human settlement in England. Location within Greater London. Merton and Wandsworth.
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You can help by converting this article , if appropriate. Editing help is available. January South Wimbledon. SW19 2NY. Archived from the original on 22 February Retrieved 26 July Retrieved 14 July The parks, gardens, etc.
John Weale, Retrieved 20 February British History Online. Retrieved 21 February The London Gazette. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 4 February Archived from the original on 27 May The London Encyclopaedia.
Pan Macmillan. Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 5 January New Short History of Wimbledon.
Wimbledon Society, Archived from the original on 8 October Old Football Grounds. Archived from the original on 24 July Retrieved 14 April Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 30 December Wimbledon Guardian.
Retrieved 11 October The Friends of Cannizaro Park. Archived from the original on 30 August Retrieved 6 October Retrieved 14 December Retrieved 2 April Retrieved 4 November Retrieved 3 February Retrieved 11 November Universität Bern.
Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 26 February Retrieved 14 January Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 23 December Winter Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 7 February Chabad Wimbledon.